Carr ( 2004 ) displayed a build getting conceptualizing different components of SWB within two membership. Earliest, this new cognitive component, we.e. the brand new fulfillment with self, household members, fellow classification, fitness, money, really works, and you can amusement. 2nd, the new affective part, we.elizabeth. the positive affect: glee, elation, euphoria, satisfaction, affection, pleasure, and you can delight, while the negative affect: anxiety, sadness, jealousy, rage, fret, shame or shame, and you will stress (p. 12). Nonetheless, certain writers used the three words (SWB, delight, and you can fulfillment which have lives) interchangeably (Diener, Lucas, & Oishi, 2002 ; Lyubomirsky, 2001 ).
Multiple research has recommended an optimistic relationship between glee, health, and you will religiosity (e
Lol is created to faucet a specific element of WB related so you can lifestyle, that’s, adherence so you’re able to, and you may grasping within, existence. Further, it was built to function as reverse of life hatred otherwise antipathy, and the suicidal ideations. Hahah was identified as a typically positive respect with the a person’s very own lifestyle, a liking for it, and you will pleasurable accessory so you’re able to they. The latest Lol measure try significantly correlated having contentment, optimism, self-admiration, promise, pleasure with lives, and extraversion, approximately given that same correlation between glee and you may pleasure having life.
Exactly what are the variables that associate having, and assume pleasure? Some other responses had been suggested. Now, Myers ( 2000 ) unearthed that age, intercourse, and cash offered pair clues so you can glee, whereas character traits, spiritual faith, wedding, and you can public assistance seemed to be an informed predictors off delight. Inside the the same vein, Abdel-Khalek and you can Lester ( 2010 ) sought to explore the non-public, social, and you can identification correlates out of joy. They discovered that character traits played the more extremely important character in the determining glee.
Within this studies, pleasure was assessed into the Oxford Contentment List (OHI), in addition to thinking-rating measure off pleasure (see the Means point). Future health and you may mental health are believed become one of the basic portion or correlates away from delight and you may SWB. Health is the strongest predictor out-of WB in younger and more mature populations. You to definitely meta-study into the WB and you can wellness found a typical correlation of around 0.thirty-two, and you can correlations was particularly solid certainly one of girls (Koenig, Queen, & Carson, 2012 ). For this reason, WB is the positive side of psychological state. In today’s investigation, health and you may psychological state was basically examined having a few separate worry about-get balances.
The attention in studying the emotional regions of religion goes back more than a century (Galton, 1872 ; Hallway, 1882 , 1904 ; James, ; Starbuck, 1899 ). The past few years have experienced fast progress and you may escalation in the fresh psychology away from faith (elizabeth.g. Al-Issa, 2000 ; Argyle, 2000 ; Emmons & Paloutzian, 2003 ; Loewenthal, 2000 ; Pargament, 1997 ; Spilka, Bonnet, Hunsberger, & Gorsuch, 2003 ; Wulff, 1997 ). g. Chatters, 2000 ; Ellison, 1991 ; Ferriss, 2002 ; Koenig, 1997 , 2004 ; Larson & Larson, 1994 ; Levin & Chatters, 1998 ; Maselko & Kubansky, 2006 ; Miller & Thoresen, 2003 ; Rew & Wong, 2006 ; Soydemir, Bastida, & Gonzalez, 2004 ; Swinyard, Kau, & Phua, 2001 ).
Myers and you may Diener ( 1995 ) unearthed that most readily useful clues in order to WB originated knowing regarding an excellent man or woman’s traits, close matchmaking, work experience, culture, and you can religiosity
Many reports said positive relationship between religiosity and you can each other future health and mental health (Mueller, kissbrides.com Min forklaring Plevac, & Rummans, 2001 ; Powell, Shahabi, & Thoresen, 2003 ; Thoresen, 1998 ; Veenhoven, 2008 ; Wallace & Williams, 1997 ; Wong, Rew, & Slaikeu, 2006 ). Most other knowledge hypothesized physical paths and you will emotional systems doing work in religiosity and you will wellness (Seeman, Dubin, & Seeman, 2003 ; Seybold, 2007 ).